James E. Hartman
Woes to Scribes and Pharisees
*8But you are not to be called ‘Rabbi,’ for you have
one Teacher, and you are all brothers.
9And do not call anyone on earth your father,
10Nor are you to be called instructors, for you have one Instructor, the Christ.
(*Notice: Bible Chapter Pointing to God's Son in the Old Testament. Long before Yeshua/Jesus Arrival and/or His Divine Birth !!!)
1 Who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?
2 He grew up before him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of dry ground. He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him, nothing in his appearance that we should desire him.
3 He was despised and rejected by mankind, a man of suffering, and familiar with pain. Like one from whom people hide their faces he was despised, and we held him in low esteem.
4 Surely he took up our pain and bore our suffering, yet we considered him punished by God, stricken by him, and afflicted.
5 But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was on him, and by his wounds we are healed.
6 We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to our own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.
7 He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before its shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth.
8 By oppression[a] and judgment he was taken away. Yet who of his generation protested? For he was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of my people he was punished.[b]
9 He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death, though he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth.
10 Yet it was the Lord’s will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the Lord makes[c] his life an offering for sin, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand.
11 After he has suffered, he will see the light of life[d] and be satisfied[e]; by his knowledge[f] my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities.
12 Therefore I will give him a portion among the great,[g] and he will divide the spoils with the strong,[h] because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
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Cross & Crown Award Above is:
In Italian: Ordine Supremo del Cristo
Established 1319. The Supreme Order of Christ is the highest order of knighthood awarded by the Pope. As part of the re-structuring of papal honours by Pope Pius X, the Order of Christ was made the senior-most Papal honour. Traditionally it was awarded to senior Catholic Heads of State, but may be awarded to anyone as a personal gift of the Holy Father. The usage of the Supreme Order of Christ was restricted under the pontificate of Pope Paul VI in his 1966 Bull Equestres Ordinis, to Catholic Heads of State to whom it might be given only to commemorate very special occasions at which the Pope himself was present. It is now rarely awarded. The last public award was made by Pope John Paul II in 1987 to Frà Angelo de Mojana, 77th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. With the death of King Baudouin of the Belgians in 1993 there are no living members of the Order of Christ who were awarded the order publicly.
*However, there may be members who were awarded the order privately. There are no official records.
1 Corinthians 3:20-22 20
And again, “The Lord knows that the thoughts of the wise are futile.”
21 Therefore, stop boasting in men. All things are yours,
22 whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas or the world or life or death or the present or the future.
All of them belong to You,…
Galatians 3:28 28
There is neither Jew nor Gentile,
neither slave nor free, nor is there male & female,
for you are all one in Christ Jesus.
Acts 4:12 12
Neither is there salvation in any other:
for there is none other name under heaven
given among men,
whereby we must be saved
*All the forces of darkness cannot stop what God has ordained.
About The Angels & God
God(YHVH) has been making appearances to His creation from the time He walked in the Garden of Eden in the cool of the day in Genesis 3:8.
These appearances are known as theophanies,
a word derived from the Greek theo (God) and phaino
(to appear). The 25 or so theophanies in the Bible are clearly appearances of Elohim and
YHVH — the Creator of the Universe and everything in it.
He appeared to Moses in a burning bush and to the children of Israel in a pillar of fire and a cloud of glory. And the Prophets Ezekiel and Isaiah both saw Him sitting on His throne!
But we can’t always know for certain when it is God appearing or when it is one of His created angelic beings.
Here are some things we can look for to help us discern the difference so we can read God's Word more accurately.
Angels Have Many Roles and Titles
*Throughout Scripture, we see angels referred to by some of these titles: Messengers
(1 Samuel 17:45)
Bnei Elohim: Sons of God or Sons of the Mighty
(Genesis 6:2; Job 2:1; Psalm 89:6)
Angel of God / Angel of the LORD However, the title angel of the Lord —
(in Hebrew, Malach YHVH or Malach Elohim)
* Often confuses readers because this angel can be the appearance of God Himself.
One of these angels turned out to be
YHVH God Himself
There are multitudes of English Bible translations with various renderings. In some English translations when the Hebrew term “angel of the Lord” refers to a created angel, the Bible translators write it as “an angel of the Lord.” And when it refers to an appearance of God Himself, they might write it as “the Angel of the LORD.” But this is not true among all translations, and even within some Bible translations the presentation is not consistent. Therefore, we cannot rely on capitalizations of the word “Lord” to help us understand whom the Scriptures are speaking of.
*However, we can be sure an angel of the Lord is God when one of these occur: 1. The angel declares Himself to be God as He did in the burning bush of Exodus 3:2–5.
In this situation, the angel of the Lord
(Malach YHVH) appeared to Moses in flames
of fire from within a bush: “Moses saw
that though the bush was on fire
it did not burn up.
So Moses thought, I will go over and see
this strange sight—why the bush does not burn up.
“When the Lord (YHVH) saw that he
had gone over to look,
God (Elohim) called to him from within the bush
, “Moses! Moses!” And Moses said, “Here I am.”
"Do not come any closer,” God said.
“Take off your sandals, for the place where
you are standing is holy ground.”
Then he said, “I am the God of your father,
the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and
the God of Jacob.”
*At this, Moses hid his face, because he was afraid
to look at God (Elohim)."
2. The person sees the angel who appears as a human being and declares that the angel is God Himself, such as in Genesis or Judges:
“So Jacob was left alone, and a man (eesh) wrestled with him till daybreak.” (verse 24)
So Jacob called the place Peniel, saying,
“It is because I saw God (Elohim) face to face, and yet my life was spared.”
*In this case, Jacob declared that he saw God, though it says that he wrestled with a man (eesh).
Jacob Wrestling with the Angel (1850),
by Eugene Delacroix,
which turned out to be God Himself.
*“Manoah got up and followed his wife. When he came to the man (eesh), he said, “Are you the man who talked to my wife?” “I am,” he said.”
Manoah realized that it was the angel of the Lord (malach YHVH).
*“We are doomed to die!” he said to his wife. “We have seen God (Elohim).”
In this case, Manoah declared that he saw God, though it says that he spoke to a man (eesh).
Beyond these two points, we have to rely on some general principles that angels operate under, and then decide if the angel of the Lord in a passage is God or one of His holy messengers.
*So, let’s look at some of those principles.
The Annunciation, by Henry Ossawa Tanner (1898),
depicts Miriam (Mary) receiving the message from
Angel Gabriel of her conception.
Angels are messengers for God. Angels often deliver messages that encourage, warn, or prepare people. The Angel Gabriel told Daniel, “I have now come to give you insight and understanding."
He came to tell Daniel about the prophecy of the Seventy Sevens, which helps the reader identify the time period when the Messiah would come.
But the Angel Gabriel didn’t devise this prophecy on his own — that is God’s domain. Gabriel was sent by God as the “messenger.”
The Hebrew word Malach can mean either Angel or Messenger.
“As soon as you began to pray, a word went out, which I have come to tell you, for you are highly esteemed. Therefore, consider the word and understand the vision.”
*Angels are not to be worshiped.
They were created to glorify and worship God the Father and God the Son; only God receives worship.
Just as the angels were worshiping Yeshua (Jesus) when He was here on earth, the angels were continuously worshiping God in heaven.
Day and night, they never stop saying, “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord God Almighty, who was, and is, and is to come.”
When the angel of the Lord appeared in Judges 13 to Samson’s father Manoah, a sacrifice was offered (a form of worship) and the angel ascended to heaven in the flame of the sacrifice
*This signified that the angel accepted the sacrifice, which meant that He was not just an angel but
*Manoah said to his wife, “We are doomed to die! … We have seen God!”
*In the Brit Chadashah (New Testament), an angel rebuked the Apostle John who tried to worship him.
When John prostrated himself toward the angel’s feet to worship him, the angel said, “Don’t do that! I am a fellow servant with you and with your brothers and sisters who hold to the testimony of Yeshua (Jesus). Worship God!
” (Revelation 19:10)
*But, when the angel of the Lord accepts worship, as we saw in the stories of Jacob, Moses, and Manoah, we can be sure it was an appearance of God himself.
Angels can watch or patrol the earth and fight with demonic beings; God is the Captain of the Host of Armies.
In addition to being messengers, the archangel Michael can fight off high-ranking demonic forces
Angels are also watchers
(Daniel 4:13, 17)
and some patrol the earth
*But there is someone who has placed Himself above all the angels.
*As Joshua readied his troops to capture Jericho, he encountered another high-ranking leader — a man “with his sword drawn in his hand,” who told Joshua he was the “captain of the host of the LORD.
*Was this an appearance of God as the leader of the host of angels?
*One clue gives us a good idea that it was. Joshua worshiped this man by falling to the ground on his face and bowing.
*An angel would not have allowed that. Moreover, “the captain of the LORD’S host said to Joshua, ‘Remove your sandals from your feet, for the place where you are standing is holy.’ And Joshua did so.”
*That’s exactly what God (YHVH) told Moses to do when He appeared in the burning bush
"Captain of the host of the Lord am I." (1896),
from The Art Bible, depicting Joshua 5:13–15.
*Angels observe and take an interest in the affairs of men; but in the end, they report to God. Angels have been and will forever be involved and interested in what is happening in the lives of human beings, including you everywhere.
"There is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner who repents."
*Once saved, angels are sent as ministering spirits
*And they seem to serve as holy witnesses, as Yeshua said, “I tell you, whoever publicly acknowledges Me before others, the Son of Man will also acknowledge before the angels of God.
*“But whoever disowns Me(Jesus/Yeshua) before others will be disowned before the angels of God.”
1 Timothy 5:21;
1 Corinthians 4:9)
Angel observing mankind on earth.